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Sect. 2. There shall be no undertaking by the carrier to
supply a seaworthy ship. This may appear startling, as it
was always a stipulation before the Act was brought into
force that the carrier supplied a seaworthy ship, hence the
expression "Good ship," which is no longer necessary in
bills of lading. A study of Art. Ill, Para, i, will show,
however, that although the carrier's liability to provide
a seaworthy ship no longer exists his responsibility is by no
means decreased.

Sect. 3. This stipulates that every bill of lading or similar
document of title issued ill Great Britain or Northern
Ireland shall contain an express statement that it is to
have effect subject to the provisions of the rules applied
by this Act. No penalty is provided for non-compliance with
this rule, but the Court would read the required statement
into the bill of lading in view of the fact that the direction
is imperative.

Sects. 4-5. These are modifications which will be dealt
with in the Articles to which they refer.

Sect. 6. (i) Allows a short title to be used and the Act
may be cited as the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1924.

(2) States that the Act shall not affect Sects. 446-450
and 502-503 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894.

Sects. 502 and 503 of the Merchant Shipping Act relate
to Hmitations on the liability of shipowners, and are dealt
with in Chapter IV; Sects. 446 to 450, concerning dangerous
goods, are considered in Chapter XX at page 123.


Article i. This contains definitions.

Para. (a). "Carrier" includes the owner or charterer
who enters into a contract with the shipper.

Para, (b) states that the contract of carriage applies only
to contracts of carriage covered by bills of lading or any
similar documents of title in so far as it relates to the
carriage of goods by sea, including any bill of lading or
similar document of title issued under or pursuant to a
charter-party from the moment at which such bill of lading